Traditional meat products in North Africa

This paper is part of a translation into French of the recently published systematic review in the Journal of Ethnic Foods (2018), 5, 83 – 98 DOI: about ethnic meat products of the North African countries. Traditional meat products constitute one of the ancient cultural heritages of North African and Mediterranean countries: Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco. Over the years, people from these countries have consumed several meat products in such a way that biochemical and microbial actions can take place not only to help increase the shelf life but also to enhance the flavor and nutritional quality of the products. These ethnic meat products are prepared using different animal sources, but all verified to be halal, and consumed during local events, family celebrations, or religious feasts. To our knowledge, this is the first study that reports the traditional knowledge that covers the origin, preparation, characteristics, and consumption habits of 32 North African traditional meat products. Moreover, the listed meat products are grouped into five categories using both traditional and scientific knowledge related to their preparation. The identified categories are i) salted and/or marinated meat products but not dried; ii) dried but not fermented meat products; iii) fermented semidry/dried meat products; iv) smoked meat products; and v) cooked and/or candied meat products.