The main impacts of the trade and comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) on European animal production

Nearly 10 years after the launch of the negotiations, the CETA (Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement) was ratified by the EU institutions in February 2017. Even though member States of the European Union (EU) still have to ratify it, the bulk of this so-called "mixed" agreement (shared powers between the EU and its member states) has been applied since the provisional entry of the agreement at the end of September 2017. Indeed, the implementation of the provisions of Community competence will not wait for the final ratification of the agreement.
This is particularly the case for tariff issues that will have an impact on European agriculture, in particular by reducing still significant customs duties. It also offers new opportunities for downward revision of sanitary, phytosanitary and environmental standards. A study published by the Livestock Institute, IFIP and AgroParisTech shows that this agreement could weaken European production of beef and pork, through additional imports of meat at zero customs duty at certain times.