La revue Viandes et produits carnés

La revue française de la recherche en viandes et produits carnés  ISSN  2555-8560




Generation and distribution of productivity gains in beef cattle farming

Thanks to the surplus accounting method, we measured the productivity gains and the combined effects of output and input price variation on Charolais beef cattle farmers’ income between 1980 and 2015. During this period, the total factor productivity has slightly grown at an average annual rate of 0.17% mainly due to a huge increase of labour productivity, while the productivity of all other factors decreased. We observed a decrease in farmers’ income, a slight drop in intermediate consumption prices, land rent and financial costs, and a high increase in public aids. Over the 36 years, with a share of nearly 64% of the global surplus, the downstream of the beef sector appears as the main beneficiary of these productivity gains through a decrease in agricultural product prices. Due to the aids and subsidies allocated to beef-cattle farmers, the state and the European Union are the main funders of this drop in prices and the farmers were the losers in the surplus distribution via a significant decrease in their income.

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